Tag Archives: Slavery

Adrian Loveridge’s Traitor and Criminal Ancestors Sold As Slaves In Barbados?

Click The Photo To View & Search The Lists Of Rebels Transported To Barbadoes And Other Places

Click The Photo To View & Search The Lists Of Rebels Transported To Barbadoes And Other Places

8 July 1685. The following convicted before Chief Justice Jefferies at the Court of Oyer and Terminer for Dorset, Somerset and Devon for waging war against the King and sentenced to be transported to the Americas [sentence enrolled on 4 February 1691]… Bernard Loveridge

The following shipped on the Jamaica Merchant on 9 December 1685 for Barbados, landed and sold there in March 1686: … Luke Porter, aged 20, shoemaker; Edward Kent, aged 19; Bernard Loveridge, aged 23, soap boiler; Silvester Poole, aged 24, butcher; John Godsall, aged 27, butcher;… (from Roots Web link here)

One Receipt for one hundred Prisoners to be transported from Taunton by JOHN ROSE of London Merchant… Bernard Loveridge (from archive.org link here)

Bernard, John and William Loveridge Rebelled Against King James II – Transported To Barbados,  Sold As Slaves In 1686

Long ago I learned that it is a very small world for Bajans. It doesn’t matter where you go or what you do, sooner or later you will run into a Barbados connection. A few years ago I was stuck in the Philippines waiting for parts when I stumbled onto a well-attended cockfight in one of the little transient towns surrounding Mactan-Cebu airport. When I told one of the local businessmen that I was from Barbados, he smiled and said “My mother was from Barbados!” The Philippines are a very racially-mixed society but I would never have known that this fellow had Bajan in his background from looking at him. As he told me the details about how his then-passed mother made her way to the Philippines and married a local in the early 1960’s, I had to smile at the old saying that wherever you go, another Barbadian has been there before you.

I remembered that meeting in the Philippines when I came across some online information about a soap maker named Bernard Loveridge who was “lucky” to be transported to Barbados and sold into slavery after participating in the Monmouth Rebellion against King James II in 1685. I say “lucky” because many of Loveridge’s fellow rebels were drawn and quartered or boiled alive in tar instead of being sold as slaves.

In jest I suggest that perhaps our friend Adrian Loveridge loves Barbados as much as he does because of something deeply ingrained in his family line. After all, considering the alternatives, Barbados must have looked very good to Bernard Loveridge at the time!

The following is taken from the book “The Monmouth Rebels 1685” (Compiled by W. MacDonald Wigfield, Somerset Record Society, C/O Local History Library, Taunton Castle, Taunton, Somerset 1985, ISBN 0 901732 27 3, Alan Sutton Publishing Limited, Gloucester.)…

The Monmouth Rebellion

Between 11 June 1685, when the Duke of Monmouth landed at Lyme in Dorset (from Holland) with a party of just over eighty men, and 6 July, when his army (estimated at between 3200 and 7000) was defeated at Sedgemoor, a significant proportion of the population of West Dorset, East Devon and Somerset rose up in arms against the Government of James II.    The level of support for the cause resulted in the government’s savage treatment of the rebels, and also was the reason why so many rebels were able to disappear into a countryside ready to shelter them.

Many factors contributed to the rebellion, but it seems the major reason people got involved was the lack of freedom of worship of protestant nonconformists.

The book comprises a list of almost 4000 names of rebels, composed from various lists, some made in preparation for the Assizes conducted in the West Country in September and October 1685.  The Assizes were headed by the country’s most brutal judge, Lord Chief Justice George, Baron Jeffreys of Wem.   Public hangings and subsequent gruesome burning of entrails, quartering of corpses,  boiling them in salt and dipping them in pitch for long-term exhibition was designed  to strike awe into the West Country.

An alternative was transportation.  By the beginning of August, courtiers with  business interests in the West Indies began bidding for the rebels. The Secretary of  State wrote to Jeffreys early in September with his instructions:

200 were to be given to Sir Philip Howard, Governor of Jamaica
200 to Sir Richard White
100 each to Sir William Booth, a Barbados merchant
Sir James Kendall, later Governor of Barbados
Sir Jerome Nipho, the Queen’s Italian Secretary
Sir William Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands
Sir Christopher Musgrave.

These grantees were to take the prisoners from custody within 10 days to ‘some of his Majesties southern plantations, viz. Jamaica, Barbados, or any of the Leeward Islands in America’, and to keep them there for 10 years as indentured servants.   A total of 890 prisoners were handed over.   A change of government at home in 1689 forced a revision of policy towards the  prisoners, and in February 1690 free pardons were issued.  Governor Kendall of  Barbados, and others were reluctant to let their prisoners go…

How About It Adrian… Are Any Of These Loveridge Scalawags Your Ancestors?

I found the following Loveridge persons were transported to Barbados…

“R WILLIAM BOOTH’S Receipt for the Prisoners within mencon’d on the Account of JAMES KENDALL Esq r – to be sent to Barbados. Prisoners in DorcJiester Gaole to bee Transported: Bernard Loveridge, John Loveridge, William Loveridge, Louericlge, stv Loveridge

EXCELLENT ONLINE SOURCE

The original lists of persons of quality; emigrants; religious exiles; political rebels; serving men sold for a term of years; apprentices; children stolen; maidens pressed; and others who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700 : with their ages and the names of the ships in which they embarked, and other interesting particulars; from mss. preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty’s Public Record Office, England (1874) LINK HERE

This BFP article was written by Robert

47 Comments

Filed under Barbados, History, Slavery

Chinese Police Arrest Christians For Nativity Play, Praying – But Barbados Still Loves Chinese Charity and Investment

New Barbados Flag

New Barbados Flag

Chinese Ambassador To Barbados Wishes Us A “Merry Christmas” – While Government Thugs Arrest Christians In China

In what is an annual Christmas Eve event in Communist China, police and other government thugs conducted raids and arrested Christians throughout the country.

Communism is a jealous religion and tolerates no rivals.

For Christmas 2008, arrested and imprisoned Chinese Christians include nine women in Zucheng county, Henan province who were committing the dastardly crime of reenacting the nativity on the street. The nine women, including Mrs. Yue Zengyun who led the group, are currently being held at Detention Center of Yucheng County.

Another 19 Christians were arrested on December 22 during a raid on a Shepherd Fellowship Bible training class in Dianlong village, Yanghu township in Dongzhi county. On December 27th, forty police officers raided Christian homes in the earthquake zone in Sichuan. The residents of the homes had received assistance from other Christians when such assistance was prohibited. The police took away Li Zenggui, a local earthquake victim, and Christian volunteers Cao Gang, Brother Yang, as well as others. They also seized Bibles, hymnals, televisions, motorcycles and many other items owned by the Christians.

Slave Camps An Integral Part Of China’s Economy

It is well documented that many arrested Christians are sent to Communist China’s huge Laogai slave camp system. The slave camps are an integral part of the Chinese economy. Over a thousand slave labour camps hold an estimated over 3 million slaves. The slave labour camps’ connection with the Chinese trade in body parts of executed persons is well established and certainly there to be seen by anyone with a few minutes and a connection to the internet.

Meanwhile the Barbados government and Bajans seem to be quite happy to accept gifts and investment from the Chinese government without a word about the slave camps.

Such a strange position for a country like Barbados that witnessed the suffering and abuse of slavery and still remembers and celebrates those who fought for emancipation.

Source for the news of Christmas arrests: China Aid

Further Reading

Barbados Prime Minister Holds His Tongue About Slavery, Torture, Imprisonment, Forced Abortions Of Chinese Christians

31 Comments

Filed under Abortion, Barbados, China, Ethics, Human Rights, Religion, Slavery

Should Barbados Burn George Washington’s House?

george-washington-barbados.jpgAdmiral Nelson vs. George Washington – Different Standards Applied

In 1751 at the age of 19 years, George Washington, the future eighth leader of the revolutionary American colonies of Britain, spent two months in Bush Hill House in Barbados with his brother Lawrence. The house was restored in 2006 with the efforts of many under the Barbados National Trust and, as expected, is a big tourist draw that has gained international attention.

Using the same logic of those who oppose the statue of Admiral Nelson in Bridgetown, (and tongue in cheek) I state here and now that I believe the government of Barbados should burn the George Washington house to the ground in an internationally broadcast television spectacle.

Folks want to remove the Bridgetown statue of Admiral Horatio Nelson, because he strongly criticised anti-slavery crusader William Wilberforce and, although he never owned a slave, Nelson expressed support for the institution of slavery as a foundation of the British Empire.

In contrast to Nelson’s verbal support for slavery, George Washington actually owned slaves – hundreds of them. At age 11, George Washington owned ten slaves, and thus was a slave owner when he stayed in Barbados in 1751. When he died, Washington had 316 slaves at his Mount Vernon estate with the ownership of these wretched human beings split between Washington and his wife. Oh yes… Washington also rented 40 slaves from a neighbour.

Nothing Like A Little Walk At Night To Warm The Blood!

And just like the other Virginia slave owners and other big men of the day including Thomas Jefferson, good old Georgy Boy visited the slave quarters once in a while to claim all the benefits of owning other human beings. Female slaves couldn’t say “no” to Massa, and Washington’s late night walks increased his slave holdings in the most economical way. Do a little research if you have any doubts – save your outrage for Georgy-Boy himself, Okay?

bridgetown_barbados_nelson_statueSo what do you say folks? Should the Nelson statute be tossed in the ocean (because arguments about “moving” the statue aren’t really about moving the statue, they are about dishonouring Nelson publicly.)

And if we dishonour Nelson without the same treatment for Washington, aren’t we the biggest hypocrites?

Or should we leave history as history, and instead of destroying or concealing it – explain these two great men in the context of their times, warts and all?

What say you?

Further Reading

Nation News: The Moore Things Change – Admiral Nelson

CNN: Barbados saved home where Washington Slept

Official Website: George Washington House Barbados

Wikipedia: George Washington and His Slaves

History News Network: George Washington’s Slave Child?

41 Comments

Filed under Africa, Barbados, Culture & Race Issues, Ethics, History, Human Rights, Race, Slavery

Qatar Police Use Whips On Asian Labourers “Because The Asians Do Not Understand”

“You will never see me accepting another contract in the Middle East. I don’t care how much money I’m offered next time, it is not worth the indignity of being looked at like I’m some sort of lower lifeform by people who don’t even wash their hands after doing the necessary.”

BFP’s Robert talking about working as an aircraft maintenance engineer under contract in Middle East countries.

Whipping Victims Chosen By Race

The Middle East if full of contract workers. Some, like BFP’s Robert, are well-paid professionals who put up with the nonsense as fair trade for the money. Younger workers are also attracted by the novelty and a sense of adventure which, according to Robert, soon fades.

But 90% of the foreign workers in the Middle East can rightly be described as low-end labourers and little more than slaves. Some really are slaves. There is a racial hierarchy enforced everywhere with Arabs at the top, followed by whites with blacks and asians at the bottom of the pile.

When Robert saw the following article online he said we must write about it, so here you go…

Souq Shock For Asian Bachelors

ASIAN bachelors were beaten with whips and even kicked during a heavy-handed police operation to prevent them from entering Doha’s popular souq areas yesterday.
Several encounters, witnessed by Gulf Times, saw Heritage Police Officers using stick-like instruments to herd labourers away from cordoned areas along Grand Hamad Avenue.

When one officer was asked why such force was being used he replied: “They are not allowed inside this family area.” He then explained that whips were being employed “because they do not understand”. 
Although policemen usually patrol the Grand Hamad area on Fridays, they tend to be plainclothes officers who do not carry weapons such as those on show yesterday.
 Shockingly, Gulf Times saw one officer using his whip on five separate occasions within a ten-minute period, even running to catch people before hitting them. 
Other appalled witnesses said they had seen labourers being kicked by the officers if they did not move quickly enough to exactly where they were told.

… continue reading this article at the Gulf Times (Link Here)

6 Comments

Filed under Barbados, Culture & Race Issues, Human Rights, Police, Race

Should Barbados Allow Saudi Arabia To Fund Local Mosques and Islamic Schools?

“What would we on Barbados do if a so-called “Christian” Missionary now started to preach that slavery was ordained by God?

Would we accept them and their ideas into our society? Would we reason with them? Would we show them the errors of their ways, the evil of their beliefs?

Would we allow their textbooks to be used to teach Bajan children?”

UPDATE: June 30, 2010

We’ll be running a few articles in the next few weeks about Islam’s position on slavery, women’s rights and freedom of religion. This article was first published on BFP in 2007 and is worth another look as we take some time to once again consider what the most respected Islamic scholars say about their religion.

Original article first published February 9, 2007…

If A “Christian” Missionary Arrived Today And Said That Slavery Was Ordained By God – What Would Barbados Do?

Missionaries and other folks have been coming to Barbados and trying to convert others to their various faiths since the earliest times. Some have been good people representing mainstream religions and some have been good people representing less popular religions.

We’ve also had our share of bad people – who did evil while professing to represent good. Some came from across the ocean and some were born Bajan. Not all preacher folks who came from abroad were bad, and not all the religious leaders born in Barbados had good in their souls.

We’ve seen some organized religions change their actions and interpretations of their scriptures. We’ve even seen some religions change their holy scriptures to comply with current values and history (which is a different topic for another day).

The Anglican Church Used To Own Slaves On Barbados

God knows the evil that was done in His name on this little island. The money to purchase the lands and the slaves was initially sent from England, and many Barbadian slaves were at one time branded like cattle – burned – with hot irons with the name of the religious organization that owned them. “Society” was the brand applied at the church-owned Coddrington Plantation. Continue reading

75 Comments

Filed under Barbados, Crime & Law, Culture & Race Issues, History, Politics & Corruption, Religion