8 July 1685. The following convicted before Chief Justice Jefferies at the Court of Oyer and Terminer for Dorset, Somerset and Devon for waging war against the King and sentenced to be transported to the Americas [sentence enrolled on 4 February 1691]… Bernard Loveridge
The following shipped on the Jamaica Merchant on 9 December 1685 for Barbados, landed and sold there in March 1686: … Luke Porter, aged 20, shoemaker; Edward Kent, aged 19; Bernard Loveridge, aged 23, soap boiler; Silvester Poole, aged 24, butcher; John Godsall, aged 27, butcher;… (from Roots Web link here)
One Receipt for one hundred Prisoners to be transported from Taunton by JOHN ROSE of London Merchant… Bernard Loveridge (from archive.org link here)
Bernard, John and William Loveridge Rebelled Against King James II – Transported To Barbados, Sold As Slaves In 1686
Long ago I learned that it is a very small world for Bajans. It doesn’t matter where you go or what you do, sooner or later you will run into a Barbados connection. A few years ago I was stuck in the Philippines waiting for parts when I stumbled onto a well-attended cockfight in one of the little transient towns surrounding Mactan-Cebu airport. When I told one of the local businessmen that I was from Barbados, he smiled and said “My mother was from Barbados!” The Philippines are a very racially-mixed society but I would never have known that this fellow had Bajan in his background from looking at him. As he told me the details about how his then-passed mother made her way to the Philippines and married a local in the early 1960’s, I had to smile at the old saying that wherever you go, another Barbadian has been there before you.
I remembered that meeting in the Philippines when I came across some online information about a soap maker named Bernard Loveridge who was “lucky” to be transported to Barbados and sold into slavery after participating in the Monmouth Rebellion against King James II in 1685. I say “lucky” because many of Loveridge’s fellow rebels were drawn and quartered or boiled alive in tar instead of being sold as slaves.
In jest I suggest that perhaps our friend Adrian Loveridge loves Barbados as much as he does because of something deeply ingrained in his family line. After all, considering the alternatives, Barbados must have looked very good to Bernard Loveridge at the time!
The following is taken from the book “The Monmouth Rebels 1685” (Compiled by W. MacDonald Wigfield, Somerset Record Society, C/O Local History Library, Taunton Castle, Taunton, Somerset 1985, ISBN 0 901732 27 3, Alan Sutton Publishing Limited, Gloucester.)…
The Monmouth Rebellion
Between 11 June 1685, when the Duke of Monmouth landed at Lyme in Dorset (from Holland) with a party of just over eighty men, and 6 July, when his army (estimated at between 3200 and 7000) was defeated at Sedgemoor, a significant proportion of the population of West Dorset, East Devon and Somerset rose up in arms against the Government of James II. The level of support for the cause resulted in the government’s savage treatment of the rebels, and also was the reason why so many rebels were able to disappear into a countryside ready to shelter them.
Many factors contributed to the rebellion, but it seems the major reason people got involved was the lack of freedom of worship of protestant nonconformists.
The book comprises a list of almost 4000 names of rebels, composed from various lists, some made in preparation for the Assizes conducted in the West Country in September and October 1685. The Assizes were headed by the country’s most brutal judge, Lord Chief Justice George, Baron Jeffreys of Wem. Public hangings and subsequent gruesome burning of entrails, quartering of corpses, boiling them in salt and dipping them in pitch for long-term exhibition was designed to strike awe into the West Country.
An alternative was transportation. By the beginning of August, courtiers with business interests in the West Indies began bidding for the rebels. The Secretary of State wrote to Jeffreys early in September with his instructions:
200 were to be given to Sir Philip Howard, Governor of Jamaica
200 to Sir Richard White
100 each to Sir William Booth, a Barbados merchant
Sir James Kendall, later Governor of Barbados
Sir Jerome Nipho, the Queen’s Italian Secretary
Sir William Stapleton, Governor of the Leeward Islands
Sir Christopher Musgrave.
These grantees were to take the prisoners from custody within 10 days to ‘some of his Majesties southern plantations, viz. Jamaica, Barbados, or any of the Leeward Islands in America’, and to keep them there for 10 years as indentured servants. A total of 890 prisoners were handed over. A change of government at home in 1689 forced a revision of policy towards the prisoners, and in February 1690 free pardons were issued. Governor Kendall of Barbados, and others were reluctant to let their prisoners go…
How About It Adrian… Are Any Of These Loveridge Scalawags Your Ancestors?
I found the following Loveridge persons were transported to Barbados…
“R WILLIAM BOOTH’S Receipt for the Prisoners within mencon’d on the Account of JAMES KENDALL Esq r – to be sent to Barbados. Prisoners in DorcJiester Gaole to bee Transported: Bernard Loveridge, John Loveridge, William Loveridge, Louericlge, stv Loveridge ”
EXCELLENT ONLINE SOURCE
The original lists of persons of quality; emigrants; religious exiles; political rebels; serving men sold for a term of years; apprentices; children stolen; maidens pressed; and others who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700 : with their ages and the names of the ships in which they embarked, and other interesting particulars; from mss. preserved in the State Paper Department of Her Majesty’s Public Record Office, England (1874) LINK HERE
This BFP article was written by Robert