What Will Become Of Barbados’ Ethanol Project? … Also: Virgin Atlantic To Test Biofuel, Perhaps From Algae

What Will The Current Barbados Government Do With The Cane-Ethanol Project?

First, a reminder that finding new and better energy sources is one of the most critical worldwide problems that we face in this generation. But as scientists and business are discovering, not every alternative fuel makes technological, economic or environmental sense.

This truth that not every alternative fuel source is viable is illustrated by an experiment being conducted by Richard Branson, Boeing and General Electric Aviation…


Virgin Atlantic said Monday that it would conduct a demonstration flight next month of one of its Boeing 747 jets using biofuel – the first airborne test of a renewable fuel by a commercial jet.

The airline, founded by the British billionaire Richard Branson, said a 747-400 plane would make the journey lasting one hour and 20 minutes from London Heathrow Airport to Amsterdam in late February using 20 percent biofuel and 80 percent conventional jet fuel. The test, without passengers, is part of a joint research project announced by Virgin, Boeing and the aircraft engine maker, GE Aviation.

The airline declined to identify the source of the biofuel, though Paul Charles, a Virgin spokesman, said the carrier had rejected fuels derived from crops like palm oil because of the huge land area that would need to be devoted to cultivation for fuel production.

“It will be a very sustainable fuel source,” Charles said, adding that its production would not compete with food or fresh water resources.

Engineers at Boeing and its European rival, Airbus, estimate that supplying all the airliners in the world with pure soybean-based biofuel would require planting an area the size of Europe. Biofuel researchers have also identified certain varieties of algae as a possible feedstock, noting that they have a much higher energy content than oilseeds and would therefore be far less demanding on the environment.

Boeing estimates that supplying the aviation industry with algae-based fuel would require just 35 square kilometers of ponds and that the algae could even be cultivated in salt water.

Read the entire article at the Herald Tribune link here.


Is Cane Ethanol A Viable Project For Barbados?

Prime Minister Thompson Should Re-evaluate Everything Started By The Corrupt & Incompetent BLP Government!

Proponents of a Barbados cane-ethanol project point to Brazil as proof that fuel from sugar cane is an economically viable proposition. They don’t like to talk about the huge economies of scale enjoyed by Brazil, or that Barbados might be better off economically to forget about ethanol from cane and instead grow corn for domestic food use.

The rationale for Barbados replacing cane with corn is that as ethanol from corn takes off in the North American market, it will cause a significant increase in the price of food and feed corn. In short, if making ethanol from cane on Barbados is as inefficient and expensive as is becoming apparent, we might be way better off to grow food instead of cane and find other solutions to powering cars and generating electricity.

What we don’t need is another dubious project that requires hundreds of millions of tax dollars for no guaranteed results or return… and we sure don’t need to favour a cane-ethanol project on the basis of an emotional and historical attachment to growing sugarcane.

The people of Barbados may never know the truth about the hundreds of millions of dollars squandered and stolen by the previous BLP government in dozens of half-baked schemes that were foisted on our nation. Whether it was GEMS hotels frauds, the Cricket World Cup disaster, or the ongoing subsidization of the “Best of Barbados” that directs unsuspecting tourists to sub-standard government-run hotels – the BLP government proved that it was a master at incompetence and thievery.

The Barbados ethanol-from-cane project was created by the previous government, and for this reason alone it should be viewed as highly suspect! The BLP government often appeared to favour mega-projects because they provided the best opportunity to siphon off funds into government officials’ offshore bank accounts.

As we reported in our article Barbados New Sugar Factory – $140 Million Contract To Government Friends, No Tender?, there was no doubt that the sugar-ethanol project was headed down that corrupt road under the BLP.

So will the new government put a “hold” on everything are take a hard look at cane-ethanol right from the ground up? They had better, because everything we’ve seen says that cane-ethanol in Barbados might be a disaster in the making.

Most Experts Say Ethanol Is Not Viable In Barbados

“Three independent experts hired by the European Union and the Government of Barbados to assist Barbados with the restructuring of the sugar industry were fired when they each produced reports showing that Barbados government ethanol plans are technically and economically not viable…”

We reported the above in our article Secret European Union Reports Slam Barbados Ethanol Plan.

Our current government should know that the technical reports relied upon by the BLP to justify cane-ethanol in Barbados – were faked.

Our source states that the Minister of Agriculture and the Minister’s staff still have different versions of the various reports in their records, and that an examination would show that the reports were changed to better support government ethanol policies.

Barbados Free Press was shown three different versions of one of the Ministry of Agriculture’s internal reports. The original version mentions that a fleet of tanker trucks would be required to transport toxic and corrosive liquid waste from the proposed ethanol plant to the coast – for disposal offshore through a pipe and pumping station. The original report talks of the inadequate road system to support the thousands of tanker truck trips per month that would be necessary, and the obvious dangers to public safety, the environment – as well as the fact that the original government ethanol plan did not factor in the costs and risks associated with the disposal of this toxic waste.

Those facts are in the original report, but are watered down in the second version.

“All mention of thousands of trips by tanker trucks is omitted from the final version of the report.”

The Barbados cane-ethanol project should serve as a warning to the new David Thompson government: believe very little that you are told or shown as to the activities of the previous government.

If the David Thompson government does not thoroughly re-examine all the projects started by the previous administration, the DLP government and Barbados will be sorry. Mr. Prime Minister – you have about 3 months to examine the major projects and make revelations and decisions.

After that… YOUR GOVERNMENT will own those projects.

Photo “Cane Blades” by Barbados In Focus (link here)


Filed under Aviation, Barbados, Energy, Environment, Sugar

30 responses to “What Will Become Of Barbados’ Ethanol Project? … Also: Virgin Atlantic To Test Biofuel, Perhaps From Algae

  1. Anonymous

    Mr Thompson will have a bit of a problem since his main backer Clico is the private entity behind the ethanol project

  2. Anonymous

    Of course it is not viable to make ethanol in Barbados

    For clico, it wont matter, the government will give them a guranteed price


    BFP says,

    It just goes to show that Clico were pulling some strings with the last government, doesn’t it? Lord knows that the BLP wouldn’t care where the money came from!

  3. BFP

    I guess we’ll see who’s running government then – Leroy or David!

  4. Anonymous

    good point

  5. reality check

    Did Barbados receive money from the EU or elswhere? Where did the money go exactly and what reports were prepared to justify the expenditures? Where are the independent recommendations?


    BFP says…

    All versions of the independent recommendations are still in possession of the Agriculture Ministry and other places

    Barbados did receive the money from the EU. As we said in our article Secret European Union Reports Slam Barbados Ethanol Plan

    Barbados Received The EU Funds… Where Are They Now?

    In January of 2007, Barbados finally received $5.63 million in EU aid “to transform” the sugar industry, and the funds were provided without monitoring or accountability requirements – as reported by our source.

  6. reality check


    surely EU citizens have rules as to accountability of their monies and all reports?

    Maybe this is a great opportunity for Thompson to show transparency and reveal all reports based on good economic sense? No more secret backroom deals.


    BFP says,

    Indeed, RC, Indeed!

    If you read our story, you’ll see that the EU wanted to demand accountability from Owen Arthur, but in the end the EU lacked the political will to force the issue.

  7. Green Monkey

    But is growing corn on a large scale in Barbados viable from an environmental perspective?

    According to the article “Eating Fossil Fuels” corn, as grown in North America, uses tremendous amounts of water and also hydrocarbon based pesticides and fertilizers. Barbados appears to be already reaching its limits on water consumption (without adding more expensive and energy consuming de-salination plants) and as oil and natural gas prices increase so will the prices of agro-chemicals (not to mention we don’t want even more of them percolating down into our water supply).

    Here’s a snip from the article that briefly discusses the above issues in the context of North American corn production:

    Modern agriculture also places a strain on our water resources. Agriculture consumes fully 85% of all U.S. freshwater resources.26 Overdraft is occurring from many surface water resources, especially in the west and south. The typical example is the Colorado River, which is diverted to a trickle by the time it reaches the Pacific. Yet surface water only supplies 60% of the water used in irrigation. The remainder, and in some places the majority of water for irrigation, comes from ground water aquifers. Ground water is recharged slowly by the percolation of rainwater through the earth’s crust. Less than 0.1% of the stored ground water mined annually is replaced by rainfall.27 The great Ogallala aquifer that supplies agriculture, industry and home use in much of the southern and central plains states has an annual overdraft up to 160% above its recharge rate. The Ogallala aquifer will become unproductive in a matter of decades.28

    We can illustrate the demand that modern agriculture places on water resources by looking at a farmland producing corn. A corn crop that produces 118 bushels/acre/year requires more than 500,000 gallons/acre of water during the growing season. The production of 1 pound of maize requires 1,400 pounds (or 175 gallons) of water.29 Unless something is done to lower these consumption rates, modern agriculture will help to propel the United States into a water crisis.

    In the last two decades, the use of hydrocarbon-based pesticides in the U.S. has increased 33-fold, yet each year we lose more crops to pests.30 This is the result of the abandonment of traditional crop rotation practices. Nearly 50% of U.S. corn land is grown continuously as a monoculture.31 This results in an increase in corn pests, which in turn requires the use of more pesticides. Pesticide use on corn crops had increased 1,000-fold even before the introduction of genetically engineered, pesticide resistant corn. However, corn losses have still risen 4-fold.32

    Modern intensive agriculture is unsustainable. It is damaging the land, draining water supplies and polluting the environment. And all of this requires more and more fossil fuel input to pump irrigation water, to replace nutrients, to provide pest protection, to remediate the environment and simply to hold crop production at a constant. Yet this necessary fossil fuel input is going to crash headlong into declining fossil fuel production.


  8. John

    I hear that Goddard’s is in a joint venture (with whom?) to import ethanol from Brazil for processing at a plant to be built at the harbour.

    The finished product will be exported to the US under some treaty (CBI?) whereby Goddard’s and its partner will benefit.

    Barbados will benefit as well through employment and duties.

    I also saw Atlee Braithwaithe (the spelling of this surname always gets me!!) on TV a couple of nights ago answer a direct question about the ethanol factory at Buckeley in such a way as to suggest it is not going to happen.

    Time will tell!!

    For me, there was no doubt that the motives behind the $400 million factory were highly questionable.

    Land use is totally unplanned and screwed up in BIM and would act so as to undermine the $400 million investment!!

  9. rasta man


  10. james

    I also got from Atlee Brathwaite that the new plant would not be happening. Corn, however, is not an option. It keeps rearing its head but it makes no sense. There’s a reason that Sugar is the dominant crop here, one of the main ones being that it doesn’t require irrigation in an island which is water-scare and protects thin top soil. Corn does neither and the import bill for fertiliser would be enormous. Question is, and assuming a big white elephant factory is not built, what to do with sugar ? We can probably export a load of branded speciality sugar but not enough to keep all the current land in cultivation. What’s the alternative ? Corn doesn’t work. We have too many condos and golf courses already. ANY food we produce is more expensive. Unless we’re prepared to sell of a load more sugar land, we should leave all options on the table and get a proper, open economic evaluation. Otherwise, the industry is toast.

  11. Bussa Goddard

    The lack of feasibility of sugar cane-based ethanol production in Barbados was always a no-brainer in tiny Barbados. But if we were serious about getting into ethanol production then we should have been leveraging our relationship with Guyana) for a bilateral private-public sector project. The plant could have been built in Guyana and land there, jointly-owned, ( not leased) cultivated for sugarcane product output.

  12. Bussa Goddard

    Perhaps the experts can tell me whether, if countries like Brazil and Guyana were to cultivate vast track of land in sugar cane for ethanol, the price of raw sugar would increase significantly, thus making it worthwhile for Barbados to continue in traditional sugar production.

    Also where did this Clico involvement come in. Is this just a post-election red herring or is there evidence that Clico is involved in the project beyond its role as one of many agricultural landholders.

  13. Peltdown Man

    It all depends on how you define “economic sense”.
    Given that our main foreign exchange-earner going down the road will be tourism, we have to be careful that we don’t “kill the goose” by turning Barbados into a concrete/golf course landscape. Currently, land is being turned over primarily to build condominiums, most of which will remain empty for a large part of the year, adding nothing to the economy except, perhaps, the initial foreign investment. Even then, much of it will leave again on imported inputs to the construction.
    Pure “economic sense” says that we should get the best value possible from the land available. I would question whether a one-off sale of the land meets this objective. Even if agriculture in any form is not profitable, or even in a break-even situation, it can still make economic sense to keep land in agriculture where it can continue to produce on a sustainable basis, whilst keeping the landscape in a condition that will still be attractive to tourists. I submit that nothing that we can produce in Barbados can be economically competitive in a global context. This does not mean that we can abandon all our productive pursuits, as we cannot afford to lose the foreign exchange earnings or savings that ensue from them. Similarly, if the production of ethanol from sugar cane, which is much more efficient than from corn, may lose money, but save on foreign exchange. Who knows what agricultural commodities will ne needed 20 to 30 years from now? As mentioned in a previous blog, sugar cane for food may well become viable again. One thing is for sure – if we abandon our land to real estate and golf courses, we will never be able to take advantage of new agricultural opportunities.

  14. Floyd

    I think the ethanol plant is just another example of the poor economic management of owen arthur.

    I notice that in the post election analysis while owen has been blamed for his politics he is complimented for his economics. let me remind you that he has left a sizeable current account deficit behind. In fact current account deficits became chronic over the last ten years.

    The comments by members of the electorate also raise questions about the low unemployment rate, or at least about the quality of the jobs created.

    Except for the unemployment figures Owen is leaving a worse wicket than he inherited.

  15. Swamp Dog

    I am a bajan living overseas and not a supporter of any political party but I know it is past time for the Caribbean region to look for alternate fuel.

    My limited research in ethanol from sugar cane is a win win for Barbados, because history has proven that cane is the best crop suited for the Island, nothing from the plant is wasted and with the new automotive technology the long term savings out weigh the cost of converting the cars. This fuel as long been tested in Indy and cart racing for over 10 years.

    My final comment is every year I come home all I see is the cane fields in bush and the only product is mosquitoes.

  16. Baiij

    Maybe growing HEMP might be able to make up for the shortcomings of growing corn or cane, since it would require no watering since the plant is a weed and the insecticides won’t be needed because it has no known enemies with insects. So in essence you have a low maintainence agribusiness. The seeds can be used for a host of products and by-products (oil, clothing, foods etc..) as was the case for many years b4 the USA outlawed its usage in what was the most dangerous of laws ever created by them but I digress from the subject. The only thing that the Barbados Government would have to do is set up the production plant of which some of the sugar factories can already be used to pulp the seeds and produce the oils, the production of the fabric and foods can then be done by the already existing plants that do that locally or in the caribbean.

    Comments welcome even though its a comment in itself.

  17. Baiij

    for more info available about Hemp production\


  18. Green Monkey

    Here is a link to a background report on industrial hemp prepared for the Hawaii state House of Representatives.

    Industrial Hemp [Cannabis Sativa] – Economic Viability and Political Concerns


  19. james

    No incentives or plan needed. It’s already being done. Difficult to go wandering too far into a cane field in the country these days without coming across a clearing full of the same medicinal plant. Careful of the large men with guns though…

  20. Green Monkey

    No incentives or plan needed. It’s already being done. Difficult to go wandering too far into a cane field in the country these days without coming across a clearing full of the same medicinal plant. Careful of the large men with guns though…

    Assuming you’re talking about illegal Marijuana rowers, they would hate for Barbados to start growing industrial hemp on a large scale. The problem is that the industrial hemp pollinates the marijuana plants and that causes the marijuana plants to produce significantly less THC (the stuff that gives the bang for the buck, so to speak), so it is much less potent than would normally be the case.

    Law enforcement officials in the US complain that industrial hemp farming could be used as a cover for illicit marijuana grow ops. However, no pot grower worth his salt would want to grow his pot anywhere near an industrial hemp farm.


    Industrial Hemp is grown quite differently from marijuana. Hemp plants are cultivated inches apart to produce plants with tall stalks, while pot plants are short and spaced a few feet apart to produce bushy, THC-rich flowers and leaves. Moreover, they are harvested at different times.

    Marijuana cultivators also try to cull male plants to prevent fertilization of the female plant. Unfertilized females produce more THC, making it attractive as a drug (sinsemilla). In contrast, hemp production typically seeks fertilization to produce seeds.

    And cross-pollination between hemp plants and marijuana plants would significantly reduce the potency of the marijuana plant. If hemp does pollinate any nearby marijuana, genetically, the result will always be lower-THC marijuana, not higher-THC hemp. “The pot crop would always get weaker,” Mahlberg said. If hemp is grown outdoors, marijuana will not be grown close by to avoid producing lower-grade marijuana. A pot grower would fear the inevitable pollen from hemp cultivation in a mixed plot, and would not hide his plant in industrial hemp fields.


  21. formerly anon

    “My limited research in ethanol from sugar cane is a win win for Barbados”


    Are you sure?

    It will cost more to make ethanol in Barbados than we could import it.

    It will cost more to run a car on ethanol (even the imported one) than fuel (but the Govt will change the tax so it looks the same or less as the govt does in the US)

    It will require almost as much fossil fuel to be imported as is actually made into ethanol fuel (its takes energy to distill ethanol and energy is used in the field e.g tractors etc etc)

    The revenue per acre from ethanol is lower than sugar (and we cant cover our costs now)

  22. Paradox

    The UK Daily Mail, January 19,2008:

    “There can be little doubt now that the days of cheap food are at an end”.
    John Humphrys made reference to Thomas Malthus’s prediction that ‘the population of the world was increasing so fast that food production would not be able to keep pace with it…’.
    Malthus was ignored.

    Humphry looked first at DEMAND:

    ‘The world’s population is still growing. The UN estimates that the population would have passed 9 billion by 2050 …..’ even if the figure remains the same, we would need more food because some of the poorest nations are getting richer, eating more and are becoming wasteful.
    The experts estimate there is no more than 5% of spare land left. Even if there was more land left ,there would not be enough water
    Land once used for food is now used to grow biofuel.
    “To many people, it is obscene that in a world where so many children go to bed hungry we should use arable land to grow food which ends up powering the cars of the rich”.
    The global production of ethanol doubled between 2000 & 2005. The output of bio-diesel output quadrupled. In Brazil, 60% of new cars can run on a fuel mix which includes 85% of ethanol. The EU is committed to producing more and more energy from alternative sources, including ethanol.
    So we are in a classic supply/demand fix.
    Growing demand for food and the strong prospect that less of it will be produced as time goes by.

    WE cannot continue using chemical fertilisers at this rate, because it is degrading the soil and anyway, the oil use to produce the stuff is running out.
    Our politicians must think very very carefully about the wisdom of using precious arable land to grow fuel. It’s either that or Thomas Malthus’s doomsday prediction will come true, proving he wasn’t such a fool after all.
    The above are extracts from John Humphys’s ESSAY — “We all take cheap food for granted…”.
    I noted in an earlier article on this blog—Castro’s warning of using land for biofuel .

  23. Hants

    Paradox says…”I noted in an earlier article on this blog—Castro’s warning of using land for biofuel .”

    Castro also agreed to the buliling of Golf courses in Cuba only after one of his advisers assured him that the Golf courses could easily be changed back to Agricultural food production.

    Some may not like his politics but he has made producing food a priority.


    BFP Cliverton says,

    The emphasis on the production of food only happened after Russia pulled out and people were eating “grass soup”. I was there. I saw it near Alto Cedro. Tomato salad was a great delicacy at the time for the local members of the CDR – who took pleasure in “liberating” the tomatos from the gardens of those who grew them. I hate the Castro because of what he became.

  24. Green Monkey

    If eating grass is bad, imagine having to eat dirt.

    Poor Haitians resort to eating dirt
    Posted on Tue, Jan. 29, 2008

    Associated Press Writer

    PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti —
    It was lunchtime in one of Haiti’s worst slums, and Charlene Dumas was eating mud. With food prices rising, Haiti’s poorest can’t afford even a daily plate of rice, and some take desperate measures to fill their bellies. Charlene, 16 with a 1-month-old son, has come to rely on a traditional Haitian remedy for hunger pangs: cookies made of dried yellow dirt from the country’s central plateau.

    The mud has long been prized by pregnant women and children here as an antacid and source of calcium. But in places like Cite Soleil, the oceanside slum where Charlene shares a two-room house with her baby, five siblings and two unemployed parents, cookies made of dirt, salt and vegetable shortening have become a regular meal.

    “When my mother does not cook anything, I have to eat them three times a day,” Charlene said. Her baby, named Woodson, lay still across her lap, looking even thinner than the slim 6 pounds 3 ounces he weighed at birth.

    Though she likes their buttery, salty taste, Charlene said the cookies also give her stomach pains. “When I nurse, the baby sometimes seems colicky too,” she said.

    Food prices around the world have spiked because of higher oil prices, needed for fertilizer, irrigation and transportation. Prices for basic ingredients such as corn and wheat are also up sharply, and the increasing global demand for biofuels is pressuring food markets as well.

    The problem is particularly dire in the Caribbean, where island nations depend on imports and food prices are up 40 percent in places.

    Continued here:

    It’s worthwhile to remember that Haiti was once one of the most fertile and productive countries in the region until much of its top soil was eroded and destroyed after economic pressures forced the poor Haitian peasantry to cut down the trees on their mountain slopes for the wood.


    Is it totally inconceivable that the world economic system or political and economic disruptions in the region could one day hit a crisis that cuts off much of our current foreign exchange, leaving us without the means to purchase the large quantities of imported food we now rely on to stock our supermarket shelves (and which is even now becoming increasingly expensive)?

    Should that day ever arrive, I hope we (or our descendants) don’t rue the day we turned what was left of our remaining good agricultural land into condos and houses and roads.

  25. Thewhiterabbit

    Some notes: Corn can be grown here without major problem. In North America, the home of modern corn, summer, the growing season, is also the dry season, hence the need for irrigation. Corn is a tropical plant, domesticated in Mexico (a water-short place to be sure). If planted here just prior to the rainy season it will have time to grow and mature from natural rains without recourse to irrigation. We need to obtain varieties that will grow in our season and in our daylight pattern. Again, as a tropical plant these varieties already exist and are grown in other tropical places. Do not confuse North American corn and husbandy practices with what would be done here.

    Sugar to ethanol just won’t work. It doesn’t even work in Brazil when you count the natural gas burned to make nitrogen fertilizer, the cost of fuel to plow, plant, harvest, and transport, etc. The process has already raised the price of almost all foods grown in the world, a complete rape of the poorer 3/4 of the world’s population.

    For us the answer lies in having BL&P (not the BLP) go to our near neighbors and put in geothermal power plants, and send us the electricity via undersea cables. Please note that this approach is currently (pun intended) being implemented in Nevis which will enjoy an energy surplus that it will sell to near neighbors via sub-sea cable. All the hot islands can export energy in this simple manner, or build significant economies by encouraging industry that is energy intensive, that is to say make things that have high added value from energy inputs. The technology for doing these things is already on the shelf. If Nevis can do it, certainly we can, too.

  26. Hants

    I smell a rat.


    “Mr Martin says government bureaucracy has kept the venture on the ground for the past few years and he hopes the new David Thompson administration will allow it to take flight.

    The site they have in mind to set up operations is the St. Joseph hospital, which has been abandoned for more than a decade.”

  27. J. Payne

    If the island can’t support everyone having Bio fuel car, Electric cars should be another alternative. Israel just announced they would back a plan to wire-up their whole country with electric-car fueling stations.

    Article: Israel’s electric car will cut oil needs
    Date: Published: Thursday, January 24th, 2008
    Source: http://www.metimes.com – Middle East Times [dot] com

    Link: http://www.metimes.com/Technology/2008/01/24/israels_electric_car_will_cut_oil_needs/7949/

    Careful study would have to be done ofcourse. But it does present itself as another possible- avenue.

    ~J. Payne

  28. james

    Hants, I smell one too – the timing’s very suspicious. Ready to set up in 2 months ? Some investigation needed methinks.

  29. Paradox

    Personally I have no problem with Biofuel on its own or mixed with gasoline to power vehicles at this point in time. However, Barbados should be equipped with the technology to provide energy (Solar) to power every household in this country.
    Remember, the late Professor Headley! If he was alive today, Barbados would be a different place in terms of solar electricity generation.
    BL&P will protect its shareholders but if government sees the need to act in the best interest of its people,it can initiate this.
    I read some time ago, that if Africa could provide stable government, most of the energy need(Solar electricity) in the EU could be imported from Africa.(Sun by day and Hydrogen by night).
    Solar cells have come a long way. There are far more efficient and much cheaper than 5 years ago. In a post above,re-electric cars/Israel— This could apply to Barbados.
    Germany, Portugal, Spain, Northern Ireland, India, China,USA, Australia are forging ahead, while countries like ours talk about it but do nothing.
    Barbados is a tiny Island and arable land should be used for providing food for consumption. We can be sure of the sun; the technology is there. Why not make use of it NOW?

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